Ugaritic

Typesetting Adventures

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ugaritic

Typing characters that are not on the standard keyboard can be done if you are willing and able to: (a) create your own custom keyboard layouts; or (b) wait for someone else to (for a fee) upgrade and enhance their word processor program to cater for the new characters; or (c) use Latex (in particular, xelatex) and define your own mnemonic macros and then use them in your essay/report/thesis/paper.

e.g.,

\newcommand\ualpa{πŽ€}
\newcommand\ubeta{𐎁}
\newcommand\ugamla{πŽ‚}

And macros within macros, to your heart’s content.

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Here’s an example tex document, showing how the image snippet at the start was created. (You’ll need Noto Sans Ugaritic font, or similar, to display the Ugaritic characters – they are in Unicode).

\documentclass[12pt]{article}

\usepackage{fontspec}

\setmainfont{Cambria}

\usepackage{xcolor}

\newcommand\ugafonta{Aegean}

\newcommand\ugafontb{Andagii}

\newcommand\ugafontc{Code2003}

\newcommand\ugafontd{FreeSans}

\newcommand\ugafonte{K1FS}

\newcommand\ugafontf{MPH 2B Damase}

\newcommand\ugafontg{Noto Sans Ugaritic}

\newcommand\ugafonth{Quivira.otf}

\newfontface{\uga}{\ugafonta}

\newfontface{\ugb}{\ugafontb}

\newfontface{\ugc}{\ugafontc}

\newfontface{\ugd}{\ugafontd}

\newfontface{\uge}{\ugafonte}

\newfontface{\ugf}{\ugafontf}

\newfontface{\ugg}{\ugafontg}

\newfontface{\ugh}{\ugafonth}

%=====================================

\newcommand\uwscolour{red}

\newcommand\ualpa{πŽ€}

\newcommand\ubeta{𐎁}

\newcommand\ugamla{πŽ‚}

\newcommand\ukha{πŽƒ}

\newcommand\udelta{πŽ„}

\newcommand\uho{πŽ…}

\newcommand\uwo{πŽ†}

\newcommand\uzeta{πŽ‡}

\newcommand\uhota{𐎈}

\newcommand\utet{πŽ‰}

\newcommand\uyod{𐎊}

\newcommand\ukaf{πŽ‹}

\newcommand\ushin{𐎌}

\newcommand\ulamda{𐎍}

\newcommand\umem{𐎎}

\newcommand\udhal{𐎏}

\newcommand\unun{𐎐}

\newcommand\uzu{πŽ‘}

\newcommand\usamka{πŽ’}

\newcommand\uain{πŽ“}

\newcommand\upu{πŽ”}

\newcommand\usade{πŽ•}

\newcommand\uqopa{πŽ–}

\newcommand\urasha{πŽ—}

\newcommand\uthanna{𐎘}

\newcommand\ughain{πŽ™}

\newcommand\uto{𐎚}

\newcommand\ui{πŽ›}

\newcommand\uu{𐎜}

\newcommand\ussu{𐎝}

%\newcommand\uws{𐎟}

\newcommand\uws{{\color{\uwscolour}{𐎟}}}

\newcommand\utextsize{\huge}

\newcommand\ugaritic[3]{% font size text

{#1 #2 #3}

}

\newcommand\UgariticName{\uu\ugamla\ualpa\urasha\ui\utet\uws\ugamla\ualpa\uws}

\newcommand\utransltit{%

\def\ualpa{'}%

\def\ubeta{b}%

\def\ugamla{g}%

\def\ukha{αΈ«}%

\def\udelta{d}%

\def\uho{h}%

\def\uwo{w}%

\def\uzeta{z}%

\def\uhota{αΈ₯}%

\def\utet{αΉ­}%

\def\uyod{y}%

\def\ukaf{k}%

\def\ushin{Ε›}%

\def\ulamda{l}%

\def\umem{m}%

\def\udhal{ḏ}%

\def\unun{n}%

\def\uzu{αΊ“}%

\def\usamka{s}%

\def\uain{`}%

\def\upu{p}%

\def\usade{αΉ£}%

\def\uqopa{q}%

\def\urasha{r}%

\def\uthanna{αΉ―}%

\def\ughain{Δ‘}%

\def\uto{t}%

\def\ui{i}%

\def\uu{u}%

\def\ussu{ss}%

%\def\uws{:}%

\def\uws{{\color{\uwscolour}{:}}\space}%

}

\newcommand\ugalphabet{%

\ualpa \ %

\ubeta \ %

\ugamla \ %

\ukha \ %

\udelta \ %

\uho \ %

\uwo \ %

\uzeta \ %

\uhota \ %

\utet \ %

\uyod \ %

\ukaf \ %

\ushin \ %

\ulamda \ %

\umem \ %

\udhal \ %

\unun \ %

\uzu \ %

\usamka \ %

\uain \ %

\upu \ %

\usade \ %

\uqopa \ %

\urasha \ %

\uthanna \ %

\ughain \ %

\uto \ %

\ui \ %

\uu \ %

\ussu \ %

\uws \ %

}

\newcommand\utexttrans[1]{%

\ugaritic{\ugh}{\large}{#1} (%

\textit{\utransltit{#1}}) %

}

%=====================================

\title{Ugaritic Script}

\author{xxx}

\date{11 November 2017: Saturday 11:30pm}

\begin{document}

\maketitle

\tableofcontents

\section{Ugaritic}

Ugaritic script, {\uga πŽ€πŽπŽ‚πŽƒπŽ„πŽ…πŽ†πŽ‡πŽˆπŽ‰πŽŠπŽ‹πŽŒπŽπŽŽπŽ}, is in Unicode. Fonts covering the Ugaritic Unicode range are: Aegean, Andagii, Code2003, FreeSans, K1FS (same shape and size as FreeSans), MPH 2B Damase, Noto Sans Ugaritic,and Quivira.

\par Using {\ugaritic{\ugb}{}{\UgariticName}} (\textit{\utransltit{\UgariticName}}) as sample text:

\vskip1.5em

\par\noindent \ugaritic{\uga}{\utextsize}{\UgariticName} Aegean,

\par\noindent \ugaritic{\ugb}{\utextsize}{\UgariticName} Andagii,

\par\noindent \ugaritic{\ugc}{\utextsize}{\UgariticName} Code2003,

\par\noindent \ugaritic{\ugd}{\utextsize}{\UgariticName} FreeSans,

%\par\noindent \ugaritic{\uge}{\utextsize}{\UgariticName} K1FS,

\par\noindent \ugaritic{\ugf}{\utextsize}{\UgariticName} MPH 2B Damase,
\par\noindent \ugaritic{\ugg}{\utextsize}{\UgariticName} Noto Sans Ugaritic,
\par\noindent \ugaritic{\ugh}{\utextsize}{\UgariticName} and Quivira.

\section{The Alphabet}
\par \ugaritic{\ugf}{\large}{\ugalphabet}

\par \textit{\utransltit{\ugalphabet}}

\par \utexttrans{\UgariticName}

\par xxx xxx xxx

\end{document}

Note that the bulk code and long lists were copy-pasted from Excel, being created using the CONCATENATE function to build up strings from substrings. No use (mis)typing miles of coding if a click or two is available.

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